Durand Oak (Quercus durandii)

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Durand is a rather unsung favorite of ours that frequents our prairie soils.   Durand oak can be confusing to identify, hence it’s nickname, “bastard” white oak, as it appears to have water oak leaves with white oak bark.  Some taxonomists believe Durand oak might have evolved from live oak, and others believe it’s a variety of bluff oak with less lobing on the leaves.  Only God knows for sure, so for now “it is what it is.”  Durand oak is very sight plastic, and can be found anywhere from old pasture hilltops to the best bottomland hardwood sights.  It will also tolerate alkaline clays, where it is commonly found near our nursery headquarters.  The acorns are low in tannins, rendering them a highly preferred mast of deer and other wildlife, including the yellow lab whom we busted eating ‘em out of our buckets on collection day.  We’ve got a few test trees planted well above its northern limit, but for now lets keep it in its recommended zones with a little extra lime on acid soil types.

 

Type:

Zone:

White Oak section

6 - 9

Soil pH: 6.0 - 7.2
Mature Height: 60' - 90'
Wildlife Value: Hard mast is good tasting and low in tannic acid.
Site Preference: Naturally occurs on rich alluvial and limestone soils in woodlands and prairies. Once established it tolerates a variety of sites.  Addition of lime on strongly acid soil is recommended.
Nut Maturity Date: Early November
Alias: Durand White Oak

 

Zone 6-9